Oxygen or O2, which makes up 21% of the Earth's atmosphere, is a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas. Oxygen supports life and makes combustion possible. It is the most abundant element found on Earth. 85% of the oceans, 46% of rocks and minerals, 60% of the human body is oxygen. Oxygen is not flammable, it makes combustion possible. It causes all flammable materials to burn faster in air. It is used in many industrial applications due to its ability to accelerate combustion.
What are the properties of oxygen gas?
- It is represented by the symbol "O" in the periodic table.
- Its melting point is -218 degrees.
- The boiling point is -183 degrees.
- It is in group 16-A in the element table.
- It is blue in color. It is pale in liquid and solid form.
- It is colourless, non-flammable and odorless. It is one of the combustible nonmetal group gases.
- 2.8 milliliters of oxygen gas can be dissolved in 100 milliliters of water.
- When combined with the hydrogen element, it creates water.
- The atomic number of oxygen is 8.
- Ozone gas is formed as a result of the reaction of ultraviolet rays with oxygen. In particular, ultraviolet rays from the sun provide ozone formation.
- The atomic weight of oxygen is 15,999 u.
How it is made?
There are many production methods for oxygen production. The two most popular production methods are the separation of liquefied air in the distillation column into its components according to different boiling points in cryogenic air separation plants; By removing nitrogen in the air by means of an adsorbent in PSA (Pressure Swing Adsorption) plants.
Usage Area of Oxygen Gas
- Glass production
- Production of chemicals
- Iron and Steel production
- Metal and metal goods production.
- Oxy Fuel Source, Oxy Fuel Cutting
- Health care
- Water preparation and wastewater treatment
Supply Forms and Cylinders
Oxygen gas can be transported in industrial cylinders with volumes from 1 Lt to 600 Lt and working pressure of 150, 200 and 230 bar. We are able to supply gas oxygen with small cylinders, cylinders and cylinder bundles; liquid oxygen with portable liquid containers and fixed cryogenic tanks.
How to Use, What Should Be Considered During Use?
- Because of the high pressure of the oxygen gases, it should be fixed in the usage area against a possible tipping situation.
- Oily hands should never be touched.
- Gas transfer should not be made between two cylinders.
- Oxygen-specific valves and equipment should be used in oxygen gas installations.